By Aneeka Simonis A CRISIS relief centre in Pakenham has Christmas sorted for Cardinia Shire families struggling to afford the…[To read the rest of this story Subscribe or Login to the Gazette Access Pass] Thanks for reading the Pakenham Berwick Gazette. Subscribe or Login to read the rest of this content with the Gazette Digital Access Pass subscription.
AS PART of the centenary commemoration of the Gallipoli landing, the students from St Columba’s Primary School in Bunyip visited…[To read the rest of this story Subscribe or Login to the Gazette Access Pass] Thanks for reading the Pakenham Berwick Gazette. Subscribe or Login to read the rest of this content with the Gazette Digital Access Pass subscription.
By ROMAN KULKEWYCZ ALL proceeds from a cookbook produced by Hillview Bunyip Aged Care will be used to purchase iPads…[To read the rest of this story Subscribe or Login to the Gazette Access Pass] Thanks for reading the Pakenham Berwick Gazette. Subscribe or Login to read the rest of this content with the Gazette Digital Access Pass subscription.
By Rowan Forster AN anti-crime rally earmarked for Pakenham has been likened to a “neo-Nazi crusade”. Project Victoria’s Hayden Bradford…[To read the rest of this story Subscribe or Login to the Gazette Access Pass] Thanks for reading the Pakenham Berwick Gazette. Subscribe or Login to read the rest of this content with the Gazette Digital Access Pass subscription.
05-06-2019(Wed) KevinBurke Tyres Division 1 Hurling League Round3Portumna 20:00 Portumnav LoughreaReferee: Peter Campbell06-06-2019(Thu)KevinBurke Tyres Division 1 Hurling LeagueRound3Gort 19:30 Castlegar v GortReferee: Paul Fahy KevinBurke Tyres Division 2 Hurling LeagueRound3 Padraig Pearses GAA Ground 19:30 Pádraig Pearse v ClarinbridgeReferee: Gerry Donoghue 07-06-19(Fri)KevinBurke Tyres Division 2 Hurling League Round3Oranmore-Maree 19:00Oranmore-Maree v Ardrahan Referee: RichardMcNicholasBeagh 19:30 Beagh vKillimordalyReferee: John McDonagh 08-06-2019(Sat)KevinBurke Tyres Division 2 Hurling LeagueRound3Ahascragh Sportsfield 18:00Ahascragh/Fohenagh v MullaghReferee: Peter CampbellGullanes Hotel Junior C1 Hurling Championship Group 3Round 3Fohenagh Sportsfield 19:15Ahascragh/Fohenagh v Kilnadeema-LeitrimReferee: Gerry HurleyJuniorHurling League Semi-FinalKenny Park 17:00 Craughwell v Killimordaly (E.T. if Necessary) Referee: Paul Fahy Kenny Park 18:30 Liam Mellows v St Mary’s GAA Athenry(E.T. if Necessary)Referee: Michael Conway11-06-2019(Tue)Gullane’sHotel Junior C Hurling Championship – Group 2Round3Clarinbridge 19:00 Clarinbridge v Menlo EmmettsReferee: PaschalSheehanprint WhatsApp Facebook Twitter Email
President David Granger on Friday evening pledged to allocate two million more hectares of land and waterways for conservation.During his address at the Tourism and Hospitality Association of Guyana’s (THAG) President’s AwardsPresident David Granger and First Lady Sandra Granger are welcomed to the Dinner and Awards by THAG President Shaun McGrath and his wife Monica, upon their arrival at the Marriott HotelCeremony 2016, President Granger said Guyana has been abundantly blessed with natural resources and must utilise them for its economic development.He reiterated his Administration’s fundamental commitment to the tourism sector and sustainable economic growth, even as Guyana transitions to a ‘green’ economy.President Granger added that the benefits of equitable and sustainable development are too numerous and transformative to be ignored.His plan to increase conservation areas was made in keeping with the Administration’s commitment to the development of a ‘green economy’, the Paris Agreement on climate change and growth in the tourism sector.“What a country! What wildlife! What a waste to ignore the great gifts of nature. Guyana’s abundant flora and fauna constitute a priceless national and natural treasure. Our animals are capable of generating more income alive than dead; in their natural state and habitats than in pepperpot or souse. They can contribute more to the development of a world-class and globally competitive, eco-tourism product than anything else,” President Granger said.The President explained that allocating more space to the protected area system will ensure that these natural resources are used sustainably and preserved for future generations.“These areas will be established in each of our 10 administrative regions to ensure that conservation is national in scale and covers all of our ecological zones in scope. Ecological parks, nature reserves and sanctuaries for our endangered species will be established to protect our flora and fauna and our natural habitats, ecosystems. Guyana’s ecotourism competitiveness will be enhanced by the fact that we are part of Caribbean and also the continent. We share borders with three South American countries. We are placed strategically to tap into the large tourist markets of our sister states of the Caribbean and the continent,” the President said.He noted too that tourism is essential to the growth of the national economy. It is neither a hobby nor a sideshow. “Guyana must learn to manage the tourist industry with the same seriousness and thoughtfulness with which it manages the gold and rice industries,” he said. The President added that it is one of the main drivers in the world economy and that this is no different for our small, developing state.“It was a couple of years ago, the seventh fastest growing sector of the global economy. The rate of growth of the sector in 2015 outpaced the rate of growth of the global economy. The industry generated US$7.2 trillion annually or 9.8 per cent of global Gross Domestic Product. It accounted for one in every 11 jobs in the global economy. Tourism has established itself as an extremely resilient economic sector. Its prospects are bright. The industry is projected to enjoy sustained global economic growth over the next decade. This growth is expected to be driven by emerging destinations,” the Head of State said.Guyana is the next frontier for tourism, the President said, explaining that tourists have grown tired of the traditional lure of the sun, sand and sea that is offered by most of the Caribbean states.He reiterated that promoting eco-tourism is vital to diversifying Guyana’s economy over the next two decades and beyond and the sustainable use of the environment is central to its ‘green’ strategy. In keeping with this, President Granger said Government will ensure that the eco-tourism sector accords with the principles of sustainable development.To this end, the President pledged that infrastructural development will be done in keeping with the overall aim of linking communities via the erection of aerodromes, construction of highways, roads and stellings to facilitate the ingress and egress of persons for their livelihoods and to advance tourism.Meanwhile, THAG President, Shuan McGrath praised the Government’s plan for sustainable economic growth. He extolled that the benefits are numerous and cross several categories.He also spoke of the economic benefits that accrued from Guyana’s Golden Jubilee Independence Anniversary celebrations and pointed out that visitors in May doubled and all hotels, guesthouses and inns were fully booked over that period.At the close of the function, four organisations and one individual were honoured for their outstanding contributions to the tourism sector. The Hotel of the Year award went to the Marriott Hotel Guyana; Resort/Lodge of the Year was awarded to Arrowpoint Nature Resort; the Direct Tourism Services Award was presented to Trans Guyana Airways; the Tourism Supporting Services Award went to ANSA McAL Trading; and Hall of Fame Award 2016 to Tony Thorn.
1 John Terry Chelsea captain John Terry has announced he will leave Stamford Bridge at the end of the season after the club decided not to renew his contract.The 35-year-old central defender has spent his entire career at Chelsea and last May won the Premier League title for the fourth time.Terry was informed prior to last week’s win over Arsenal.He said: “I was in last week before the Arsenal game and it [my contract] is not going to be extended.“My agent made the call like we do every January. He got told over the phone and I called to set up a meeting the following day.“I wanted to hear it face to face. They told me. Unfortunately it’s not going to be.“I feel as though I’m in great nick, I’m playing great and I’ve got a couple of years to go. It’ll just be elsewhere.”Chelsea have endured a season of struggle, with Jose Mourinho leaving for the second time in December, and now their talismanic skipper will be moving on.He is yet to decide where, except outside of England, and big-money offers are likely to come in from Major League Soccer and the Chinese Super League.There is one small glimmer of a playing future for Terry at Chelsea, if Mourinho’s permanent successor deems his services are required.Terry added: “Ideally I would have loved to stay, but the club’s moving in a different direction.“I needed to know now like I have done every January and sometimes it takes a couple of months to get done. Unfortunately, it was a no.“They said that when the new manager comes in, things might change. It’s a no at the minute. It took me a couple of days to get over.”
“The freedom to criticize is a right worth defending” Jonathan Shapiro at the launch of the handbook. (Image: LexisNexis) • Jozi Donjeany-MethAccount ManagerLogico Creative Solutions+27 31 207 email@example.com• Oscar and the photo of the witness • South Africa’s global reputation steady • Press freedom in South Africa • Press Freedom Day: release Hammerl • SA celebrates media freedom Sulaiman Philip “If the law supposes that,” said Mr Bumble, “the law is a ass – a idiot. If that’s the eye of the law, the law is a bachelor; and the worst I wish the law is that his eye may be opened by experience – by experience.”Charles Dickens wrote those words in Oliver Twist in 1838. Not much has changed; experience is the only way the law is tested or changed.One of the most vibrant aspects of law in South Africa over the past 20 years has been the practice of media law. With the dawn of democracy the country’s constitution was rewritten, including sections pertaining to media law. For journalists and editors the most up-to-date legal guide was the venerated Newspaperman’s Guide to the Law , last updated in 1990. But on Tuesday, 4 March, publisher LexisNexis released the new Practical Guide to Media Law .Written by Webber Wentzel partners and media law experts, Dario Milo and Pamela Stein, the new LexisNexis Practical Guide to Media Law is a guide to how media law is practised in South Africa. Written in simple English and using cases the authors are familiar with, the handbook is an easy-to-use guide for media professionals.Keynote speaker at the launch was Jonathan Shapiro – better known as satirical cartoonist Zapiro – whose experience of testing “what is legally acceptable” goes back to 1998. In all his brushes with the courts his attorneys have been Milo and Stein. Praising their talent, which has “kept me from the poorhouse” he said, “I have always seen it as my job to push the envelope as far as I can and it’s always been theirs to hold me just behind the line.”The cartoonist remembered the early days of the country’s new democracy as being “like the Wild West”; what was acceptable was still up in the air. He reminded the audience that even while a new constitution was being negotiated the media was operating under legislation guided by the infamous Internal Security Act. “As apartheid legislation was being dismantled it opened up the media space because the rules were in flux.”The Newspaperman’s Guide to the Law was the perfect handbook for a dark time in South Africa’s history, Stein said when the authors took questions from the audience; however it was time for something to replace it. Agreeing with his colleague, Milo explained that changes in the law happened incrementally and only when the limits of legislation were tested. “The cases we chose as examples were the ones that pushed constitutional limits, but it is a book that can be read as celebrating the vibrancy of our democracy.”Melissa Moore from non-governmental organisation section 16, which provided funding for the handbook, celebrated the rich jurisprudence of the country before signalling a warning, saying all governments would rather hide information than share it with their citizens, which is why the media plays such an important role in a democratic society. “In a democracy as young as ours, a strong free press has a vital role to play. Besides being a tool for the press it is a reminder of its obligations to provide truth, information and news.”Section 16 advocates for law reform in the areas of freedom of expression and access to information.Shapiro joked earlier in the evening that the book was a tool, but that nothing “beat having a good attorney in your corner” and none were better than the authors of the handbook. He is a friend of artist Brett Murray – best known for his painting The Spear – who sought his advice when he was sued by the African National Congress. Shapiro said, “My first question was ‘Who is your lawyer?’ Once I heard Dario’s name I told him to relax; it was all taken care of. My point, if you are going to put together a handbook on media law, then get the best.”The LexisNexis Practical Guide to Media Law is available online and at bookstores for around R513.
What do Clint Eastwood and the Leaning Tower of Pisa have in common? Not much, as far as your brain is concerned. But take a look at a picture of the famous actor and landmark together, and your brain will link the two, thanks to neurons that rapidly encode associations between people and places, according to a new study. The discovery is a “first step” toward understanding how the brain encodes complex, movielike memories of past events, says study author Itzhak Fried, a neuroscientist at the University of California, Los Angeles. About 10 years ago, Fried and colleagues discovered a bizarre phenomenon. While probing a deep brain region called the medial temporal lobe (MTL) in people with epilepsy, who had part of their skulls temporarily removed so physicians could pinpoint the source of their seizures, they discovered a single neuron that started to fire like crazy whenever the patient saw a photograph of actress Jennifer Aniston. The team went on to show that other individual neurons in the same region—which includes the hippocampus, a structure long known to be vital to memory processing—responded to different celebrities, such as Julia Roberts and Halle Berry, and even specific events in 5-second clips from The Simpsons.The now-famous “Jennifer Aniston” neuron supports a widely held hypothesis that specific brain cells in this region encode discrete representations of places, people, and objects. These neurons have an “amazing” property, called invariance, which sensitizes them not just to one image of their “preferred” stimulus, but to many different versions, Fried explains. In his 2005 experiments, for example, the Aniston neuron responded to images of the actress in any outfit and with any haircut. The only image the cell did not respond to, oddly enough, was of the actress holding hands with Brad Pitt. It’s not that just one cell responds to Aniston’s image, Fried emphasizes. Thousands, if not millions, of other cells in the brain may also be sensitive to the actress. But the cells are so sparsely distributed in the region that researchers only pick up one or several at a time, he says.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)How such neurons contribute to the seamless, movielike recollections of past events—called episodic memories—is still largely unknown, however. So in the new study, Fried and colleagues showed 14 people undergoing exploratory surgery for epilepsy 100 to 200 randomly ordered images, including pictures of their loved ones, celebrities such as Clint Eastwood, and volleyball player Kerri Walsh, as well as landmarks such as the Eiffel Tower, the White House, and the Hollywood sign in Los Angeles. Each patient already had electrodes sunk deep into their MTL to detect aberrant electrical activity, and scientists used the wires to listen for cells that fired up in response to different images.Of the roughly 600 neurons the team recorded in each patient, between 2 and 28 cells fired vigorously in response to at least one image. Next, the researchers presented participants with digitally altered photographs in which a neuron’s “preferred” image, such as a photo of Clint Eastwood, was superimposed on a background the neuron had ignored in a previous trial, such as the Leaning Tower of Pisa. In a series of memory tasks, the participants were asked to match pairs of separate images based on the doctored composites. If they’d seen the Eastwood composite, for example, their task might be to pair a photo of Eastwood with a separate photo of the tower.Even after one exposure to the composites, neurons that had previously fired exclusively in response to one picture—like that of Eastwood—significantly increased their firing rate when exposed to the image with which it had been combined—in one case, by 230%, Fried and colleagues report today in the journal Neuron. The fact that an individual neuron can adapt its firing rate so quickly could help explain how large, dynamic neuronal networks form complicated memories of past events, Fried says.The findings are “very consistent with results from a number of animal studies” that show rapid changes in hippocampal neural activity during learning, says Loren Frank, a neuroscientist at the University of California, San Francisco, who was not involved in the study. “This is indeed the sort of thing that has to happen” in the brain to store memories of once-in-a-lifetime events, he says.Fried hopes the new study will contribute to efforts to restore memory in people suffering from traumatic brain injury or Alzheimer’s disease, such as an ambitious Defense Administration Research Project Agency (DARPA)-funded initiative aimed at restoring memory function in neurological patients in which his lab is participating. Many scientists have expressed skepticism about the DARPA project, and Fried notes that bridging the gap between basic research on simple associations and clinical memory treatments is “a formidable challenge.” Such projects, he says, “should avoid the pitfalls of unrealistic expectations for early ‘big wins.’ ”
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