Puerto Rico ~ Corporate Income Tax: First Circuit Affirms Puerto Rico’s Corporate AMT Violates U.S. Constitution

first_imgThe First Circuit Court of Appeals, affirming a U.S. district court decision, has found that parts of Puerto Rico’s corporate alternative minimum tax (AMT) violated the U.S. Constitution. The district court had held that it had jurisdiction and enjoined the enforcement of the AMT.The First Circuit addressed three threshold matters relating to jurisdiction. The court found that (1) the taxpayer had standing to bring the suit, and that the case was sufficiently ripe; (2) the district court had jurisdiction in the case; and (3) the principle of comity did not compel the federal court to abstain from exercising jurisdiction.The First Circuit agreed with the district court that the amended AMT was facially discriminatory. The dormant Commerce Clause precludes a state from taxing a transaction or incident more heavily when it crosses state lines than when it occurs entirely within the state. For the measure to pass muster under the dormant Commerce Clause, Puerto Rico needed to show that there were “no other means to advance [the] legitimate local purpose.” According to the First Circuit, the amended AMT was a blunt and unnecessarily over inclusive approach to combatting profit-shifting abuse. It essentially established an irrebuttable presumption that all intercorporate transfers to a Puerto Rico branch from related mainland entities were fraudulently priced to evade taxes, the court concluded.Wal-Mart Puerto Rico, Inc. v. Zaragoza-Gomez, United States Court of Appeals, First Circuit, Nos. 16-1370 and 16-1406, August 24, 2016last_img read more

Indiana Issues IRC Conformity Guidance

first_imgIndiana has released a bulletin covering the most significant changes enacted in its IRC conformity law.  The bulletin discusses:inclusion of IRC Sec. 965 income;inclusion of global intangible low-taxed income (GILTI);modifications related to deductions for business interest; andnet operating losses.The law updated the IRC conformity date to February 11, 2018.Foreign Earnings or ProfitsThe bulletin informs corporate and individual income taxpayers on how to treat foreign earnings or profits.  Any return or schedule reporting an adjustment for IRC Sec. 965 income for 2016 and 2017 must be filed on paper. Indiana cannot accept electronically filed returns with the required codes at this time.Global Intangible Low-Taxed IncomeTaxpayers receiving global intangible low tax income (GILTI) under IRC Sec. 951A for tax years 2018 and later must include GILTI  on their federal tax retuns. An Indiana corporate taxpayer must add back the deduction taken under IRC Sec. 250(a)(1)(B).Any IRC Sec. 78 amount added back under IRC Sec. 250 can still be deducted as part of the existing IRC Sec. 78 deduction. The portions attributable to IRC Sec. 250(a)(1)(B)(i) and (ii) must be reported separately.S corporations, partnerships, and trusts will disregard GILTI as a receipt for apportionment purposes. However, the income reported as GILTI still must be reported.Interest DeductionIn 2018 and after, the deduction for business interest is allowed without regard to the limitation in IRC Sec. 163(j)(1). Thus, business interest expenses are allowed in the year the expense is paid or incurred. Any amount in excess of the allowable federal amount will be a deduction in determining Indiana adjusted gross income. If a taxpayer carries over an interest expense from one year to another, the carried over amount must be added back.Net Operating LossesIndiana will continue to allow net operating losses to be deducted up to 100% of Indiana adjusted gross income. Also, Indiana continues to have a 20 year carryforward for net operating losses.Information Bulletin #116, Indiana Department of Revenue, July 1, 2018, ¶402-913Login to read more tax news on CCH® AnswerConnect or CCH® Intelliconnect®.Not a subscriber? Sign up for a free trial or contact us for a representative.last_img read more

News Release Informing Wisconsin Taxpayers About Extension of Due Dates due to Extreme Weather Issued

first_imgThe Wisconsin Department of Revenue has issued a news release informing taxpayers that due dates for sales, withholding and other business taxes (premier resort tax, local exposition tax, etc.) have been extended. The news release states that state agencies were closed for public business on Wednesday, January 30, due to extreme weather conditions. Further, the news release states that United States Postal Service is also experiencing service disruptions throughout the state. As a result, due dates for sales, withholding and other business taxes including premier resort tax, local exposition tax, etc. have been extended. Furthermore, due dates to submit Forms W-2 wage and tax statements and Forms 1099 have also been extended. Any return or wage statement that was due January 31, 2019, will be automatically given a new due date of Monday, February 4.News Release, Wisconsin Department of Revenue, January 31, 2019Login to read more tax news on CCH® AnswerConnect or CCH® Intelliconnect®.Not a subscriber? Sign up for a free trial or contact us for a representative.last_img read more

Behind The Screen With Maori: Pariah

first_imgPariah – Adepero Oduye & Charles Parnell(Courtesy of Pariah) By now you’ve more than likely heard about the narrative feature film directed by NYU grad Dee Rees—Pariah. The film, which had its world premiere at the 2011 Sundance Film Festival last January, has since received much deserved critical acclaim for its sensitive and emotionally-gripping portrayal of protagonist Alike’s coming-of-age and –out as a queer teen. Set in Brooklyn, Pariah tells the story of a 17-year-old girl preoccupied with poetry and searching for romantic love. As she begins to embrace her sexuality and commence that awkward crawl towards adulthood, Alike battles her conventional parents and more flamboyant peers, all the while managing to continually progress toward a graceful freedom that she can call her own. This film is not a tragic tale, and contrary to a few mentions in the urban blogosphere—it is not “Precious 2.0.” Pariah is lovingly and masterfully crafted. Rees has surrounded herself with a team of über-talented filmmakers including executive producer Spike Lee, cinematographer Bradford Young (who received an award at Sundance for his work on the film), producer Nekisa Cooper and actors Adepero Oduye (Alike), Kim Wayans and Charles Parnell among others—the entire cast is stellar. The characters are all three-dimensional and smash open stereotypes. It’s not easy to love or hate any character outright. The costumes are seamless and the art direction is subtle and captivating. Cinematographer Young recently gave an interview in Shadow & Act where he discussed the visual aesthetic of the film and the importance of discovering new ways to present black bodies at their most beautiful. The overall effect of the film is not one that is overwrought, but rather has a fine sense of balance. In our jaded times, Rees has managed to construct a story that hasn’t yet been told in this manner, that pulls on our hearts in all the right ways and encourages us to love ourselves (and our families)—whole. Insider tip: There will be a special tastemakers screening on Wednesday, January 11 at 7:30pm at the Ritz East (125 S. 2nd Street). Philly 360° has a few tickets available! Follow Philly 360° on Twitter for a chance to win. Pariah opens in Philadelphia on Friday January 13 Landmark Theatres: Ritz At The Bourse 5 400 Ranstead Street (Old City) Philadelphia, PA 19106last_img read more

Kings Rule Together Presents The 2nd Annual Tees Vs. Tanks Brand Basketball Tournament – Sunday, June 30

first_img Over the past few years, Philly has established itself as a hub of youthful innovation and creativity.  This holds especially true in the world of street wear fashion.  Brands such as Kings Rule Together (KRT), Neo Daviso, Abstract Thought and several others have emerged as serious players in the Philly retail industry; earning the attention of outlets such as Villa and Urban Outfitters.  In such a competitive market, one would think that all the local brands would have a “for self” mentality but it’s quite the opposite.  The new generation of local artisans and business owners are all about collaboration and collective progress.  And from these concepts came the KRT Tees Vs. Tanks Brand Basketball Tournament!  On June 30, Kings Rule Together is partnering with Villa, Vitamin Water and the city’s top streetwear brands to bring the tournament back for a second year!  This event is FREE so come out, have a good time and enjoy some great basketball from a great group of young entrepreneurs! Event Details Tees Vs. Tanks Brand Basketball Tournament Sunday, June 30 Noon – 5 p.m. 53rd and Parkside Tees Vs. Tankslast_img read more

Biden defending interaction with women after complaint

first_img(AP) – Former Vice President Joe Biden is defending his interactions with women, saying he doesn’t believe he’s ever acted inappropriately.But a Nevada politician’s assertion that Biden’s kiss on the back of her head in 2014 made her feel uncomfortable has prompted some Democrats to question whether the 76-year-old is too out of step with his own party to run a successful 2020 presidential campaign.In a statement on Sunday, Biden said it was never his intention to make women feel discomfort. The woman, Lucy Flores, wrote about the encounter for New York Magazine.Flores tells The Associated Press that she had been mulling coming forward for years. She says the tipping point for her was Biden’s meeting in March with 2018 Georgia Democratic gubernatorial nominee Stacey Abrams.last_img read more

(AUDIO) Councilman Pitzer on Flat Branch Park expansion

first_imgColumbia’s interim city manager will spend the next couple weeks trying to find a way to make up for the loss of some downtown parking spots.The city council this week approved putting a Flat Branch park expansion and a new gateway plaza where a city-owned parking lot is at Broadway and Providence.Councilman Matt Pitzer suggested working with nearby businesses like Columbia Real Estate on a compromise to make up for the lost parking spots. He joined Wake Up Columbia on Tuesday:last_img

Intel® Client Manageability Add-on for Microsoft* SMS 2003 version 5.0.1 released

first_imgIntel® Client Manageability Add-on for Microsoft* SMS 2003 version 5.0.1 has been released.Version 5.0.1 contains the following improvements:Check all IPs for site boundariesRead machines from SCS in chunks of 1000The lastest version of the Add-on can be downloaded here.–Matt Royerlast_img

Mission Critical Xeon in the Data Center

first_imgMy name is Pauline Nist  (yes, the National  Institute of Standards and Technology stole my name).  I’ve been involved in the design and delivery of Mission Critical server systems for most of my life (there was a brief stint in IT early in my career–good training).I worked on a lot of Vaxes and Alphas (SMP and Clusters) Systems for DEC, then moved to Tandem  where I was responsible for the NonStop hardware and software – including the SQL MX database (shared nothing clusters). Basically Tandem really delivered systems with 100% uptime–the gold standard for Mission Critical.Then I moved into the “merger” phase of my career, were Tandem was acquired by Compaq, who then also bought DEC. Finally it was all swallowed by HP. There was a lot of indigestion to go around during these years.Looking for a  significant change of pace, I moved to Penguin Computing, a clustered Linux server startup.  Penguin sells to high performance computing and web customers and gave me a great introduction to X86 computing.  We rode the wave of 64-bit capability coming to X86, and could offer technical computing customers 300% more performance at 30% of the price of RISC/Unix. I also found out that startups teach you a lot about cash accounting.Now I’m at Intel. Quite the change, but in many ways a logical progression to what is now the emerging way to deliver Mission Critical computing. I made the change because with the introduction of the Xeon 7500, standards based computing has come of  age.Illuminata_Intel_Xeon_Processor_Whitepaper.pdfAt Intel I’m the GM for the Mission Critical Server Segment in the Data Center Group. I get to work with customers and partners and help deliver Xeon and Itanium server systems, focusing on database and other business critical applications where business continuity are key.This past year has been really exciting as we’ve seen an unprecedented number of high end Xeon 7500  (Nehalem processor) series systems (>4S) from our partners. What with a huge leap in system performance, high availability, coupled with virtrualization, cloud computing  (particularly private clouds), SSDs, and various database and BI appliances, from a variety of vendors, there is a huge amount of innovation going on in the data center.Stay tuned for future data center discussions, and great sessions at IDF in San Francisco next  week.last_img read more

Virtualizing the production environment – is it that simple???

first_imgFor a sometime there has been no doubt that cloud computing offers many benefits for the traditional data center. For that reason most of the traditional data centers migrated to cloud computing architecture. In addition, it has become easier to migrate exiting servers to be part of a cloud. So why have all data centers not migrated? There are some valid reasons why not, those including ROI (which will be discuss on the next blog) especially when we’re talking about production environment that have zero tolerance for downtime. In this blog I’ll talk about the risk and downtimeHere are some of the challenges we face when migrating production environment:1. As I mention above – why migrate? Most stakeholders will reject that change; for them “if it works, leave it”. What action needs to be taken to satisfy their needs  after the change2. Of course you do not migrate all servers, so which servers will you?3. How do we do this migration transparent to the stakeholders? After all, we want the stakeholder to have same level of support….4. How can we avoid downtime?5. How can we prevent the migration from being the scapegoat for unrelated failures after the migration?There are no clear answers to those question, but I’ll try to give some tips that can answer some of those, or at least give a directionWhen someone wants to migrate existing production physical servers to be virtual, they should consider the following for planning design and implementation:1. Note that virtualizing production servers is a major change, so consider in advance what to migrate, enroll your stakeholder in the process to understand business impact and get buy in.2. Do not migrate every server by default. Choose well in advance the server to be migrate and avoid unwanted migrations. Start with the server criticality; with the application owners, you should define if the server is critical enough and should it get “personal” treatment and not be part of the farm3. For the same reason as #2, check if to migrate server by resource utilization – in case the server utilization is too high up to the host resource capabilities, the host will probably host only that server, and there is no real reason for that.4. When designing the virtual environment to host the migrated servers, leverage capacity planning process and understand the resource requirement for each application (capacity planning is a process to check overall capacity usage of physical servers). Although the capacity planning results with low resource utilization you must take into account the current resource of the servers and the server’s owner requirements. There might be a reason for the amount of physical resource, and we don’t want to have lack of resource in production server, not even for 1 minute.5. As we’re talking about the production environment, we don’t want to be surprised, add to your plan the future growth of your factory and add resources accordingly. Check with your management the production forecast for the years ahead, and together with the servers\applications owner check future resource needs and design the virtual environment accordingly.6. Although it shouldn’t be a consideration, note that the migration process will require system downtime. Although the migration can be done on-line (some operating system require a server restart) it’s preferable to have schedule server\application downtime for each migration. So understand with your management the possibilities for downtime and plan your migration accordingly.To summarize, like every technology improvement, when we’re talking about production environment, we need to look at all considerations and find the answer to them.I hope you find these tips helpful. Please share any tips you have or let me know of any additional concernsHave a fun and safe migrationlast_img read more

What Cloud is Your Healthcare Data In?

first_img77% of respondents were in North America11% in Europe4.5% Middle East46% of respondents were working in hospitals27% in multi-hospital systems or integrated delivery systems7% in ambulatory care facilities66% of respondents were in large organizations with more than 500 employees23% in medium sized organizations with 50-500 employees10% in small organizations with less than 50 employeesThe largest categories of roles of respondents were nurses at 14 percent, doctors/PAs/nurse practitioners at 13 percent, administrative directors/managers at 11 percent, and several other healthcare frontline worker roles across provider, payer, life sciences and pharma sectors of healthcare.What did they have to say? Stay tuned for more information in my weekly blog series leading up to HIMSS13 on the drivers motivating use of workarounds by healthcare workers, what specific workarounds they are using, and where privacy and security is breaking down.What risks are you seeing in your healthcare organization with sensitive healthcare data moving from endpoint devices into unsecured clouds?If you will be at HIMSS13 in New Orleans, join us for a workshop panel to explore this concept further. RSVP and reserve your spot. In January 2013, HIMSS surveyed frontline healthcare workers globally on what motivates the use of workarounds, what types of workarounds are being used, and where there may be challenges in privacy and security such as lack of policy, enforcement, or ineffective training. This survey greatly exceeded expected response rate with more than triple the target number of responses, or 674 total respondents. Here’s some quick bites of information about the respondents: We spend a lot of time and attention analyzing vulnerabilities with specific endpoint devices or cloud platforms, which is warranted, but often not the most significant source of privacy and security risk.Healthcare workers are being increasingly empowered with tools from bring your own device (BYOD) personal smartphones, tablets, laptops, to personal apps for file transfer, note sharing and other tasks, to social media, texting, personal email, USB keys and so on. When healthcare solutions, or the security around them, are perceived by healthcare workers as unusable or cumbersome, they can and do use workarounds that can drive additional risk.One specific example is moving unencrypted patient information using a file transfer service accessed using an app running on a personal device. In this case the sensitive healthcare data is moving through the data transfer cloud associated with the file transfer app. This moves the protected healthcare data into a “side channel”, separate from the EHR, out of the control of the healthcare organization. This in turn adds risk to confidentiality of breaches, as well as risk to the integrity or completeness of the patient record since data moving in side channels like this, out of band with the official repository eg EHR (Electronic Health Record) solution, often does not result in updates to the patient record.Over time the patient record can become incomplete or dated. In a best case this can result in suboptimal healthcare, and in a worst case become a patient safety concern.  This vulnerability can exist even with a secure endpoint device and secure cloud behind it, and even if a thin / VDI client is used, since it only requires the user to have the ability to install and use the file transfer app.last_img read more

Germany’s World Cup Win Stems From Data Analysis

first_imgGermany has emerged as the World Cup champion, beating out Argentina in extra time on Sunday in a match that had over 20 million TV viewers in England alone. It seems the entire world has caught football fever; Germany’s historic trouncing of Brazil in last Tuesday’s World Cup game, for example, was the most-socialized event of all time. At ground zero, the flood of data coming from spectators in Brazil has been unparalleled, causing big brands like ESPN to scramble to adjust social media in real-time and comb through waves of incoming posts, photos, and videos for relevant information.In a similar fashion months earlier, Team Germany was combing through its own set of data – not from fans, but from its own tracking and analyzing of players’ practice stats to find ways to improve like never before.There’s no question that strong coaching and other factors have contributed to Germany’s near sweep of the football series (7-0-1), brushing past Portugal with ease, tying Ghana, and knocking out the USA before beating Algeria and France. Still, Germany’s careful review of data from 2,000 “events” in games and practices – every kick, pass, steal, and goal – deserves recognition. Some are even calling data “Germany’s 12th man” at the World Cup. The 2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil Statistics show Germany at the top of many team and individual statistics categories.The team has been using emerging tools such as goal-line and ball-tracking technology that can measure the tendencies of players in various situations. Video analytics using keywords to detect and return specific audio and visual events from game video allows the German team to retrieve video of relevant scenes and create a highlight reel for each win. To get an even finer look at players’ actions, Germany’s TSG Hoffenheim is placing sensors in shin guards, clothing, and even the ball itself to collect more than 60 million positional records per match, including speed averages, ball possession, and other player tendencies. Those records are then streamed, analyzed, and stored using SAP HANA, the in-memory data platform for real-time analytics, and used to build customized training applications that target the strengths and weaknesses of each player. Through data, the team has created the most efficient training plan, reduced the risk of injury, and ultimately boosted game performance.[Did You Know: The latest Intel Xeon E7 v2 processors deliver a 2x improvement in scan speed per core, without rewriting any of the SAP HANA code.]The use of analytics in sports and businesses is growing fast. MLS reported in early 2013 how teams, like my hometown Seattle Sounders, are using big data to improve fan experience and build stronger teams. And with Seattle boasting the best record in MLS at the mid-point of the 2014 season, I’m happy they chose to be on the leading edge of this trend. And it’s not just the teams that are looking to emerging technology to improve. World Cup refs are embracing goal-line sensor technology along with precise video recording and ball-tracking systems. Of course, don’t expect that to clear up coaches concerns over referee choices or commentators wondering if the USA was robbed of a World Cup win again this year. Then again, I’m not above a bit of home-team speculation during a heated match either. (We’ll get ‘em next time, Dempsey!)Here at Intel, we’re committed to helping IT organizations, sports-centric or otherwise, embrace and deploy advanced analytics, whether you’re just getting started or working to optimize your existing solution. If you’re looking to win big in the enterprise, the Intel IT Center Essential Series on Big Data has more insights on big data trends along with detailed research and planning tools to tackle analytics projects.last_img read more

As 2016 Unfolds, New Normal Holds: Rapid Change and Innovation

first_imgFocus on the patient and better respecting that the patient is a “consumer”Physician practices, clinics and health systems of all sizes are working to make conducting business with their organization easier. In that I mean align or re-align processes, services and innovation to ensure that patients can easily access scheduling, appointments and certainly, payments. While this sounds like an “of course!” statement, most, even leading health systems, don’t properly align these aspects of their organization and operation, thus leaving millions of dollars on the table. For example, ensure your organization offers simple ways to schedule an appointment. Ensure that you are researching – or better yet deploying – “community-based” strategies that offer care where the patient/consumer wants to consume care. Sometimes the best place may be inside the four walls of your organization, but sometimes it may not be. A few proven strategies here include new care settings that are convenient for your community and even a virtual care or telehealth strategy. These can offer new revenue streams and allow practices, clinics and health systems of all sizes to deploy strategies that will allow them to evolve alongside a healthcare system that is embracing value-based medicine, bundled payments and alternative payment models.Other consumer-focused strategies that I see growing quickly are patient navigation and wayfinding to simply and profitably enhance the patient experience (and as we know from research flooding the market, consumers are paying premiums for “experience,” and as our economy shifts, everyone needs to keep an eye on this because you can offer a terrific experience and actually save money by better embracing innovation.The other area that I see exploding for practices, clinics and health systems is around “compassionate collections” and a strong, focused strategy on the patient revenue cycle. Many innovations are hitting this from different angles, but as patients continue to pay for more of their healthcare “tab,” efficiently and effectively managing this process is key to protecting and increasing your organization’s bottom line.Use of innovation to navigate the future of healthcareI see innovation being deployed at every level of service, process and technology. To start, many organizations are focusing on better managing their overall “revenue cycle”. This is best deployed through a technology-enabled service whereas a specific market expertise leverages software automation, “rules” intelligence and robust clinical, financial and administrative reporting. Not only is this important today to optimize an organization’s overall financial health, but it is going to become vital to everyone’s success and preservation as healthcare quickly shifts to new payment and care delivery models, outcomes and quality-based payments and razor thin margins on traditional payment models. This experience and expertise will be worth its weight in gold…Interoperability is still a large focus for many. Certainly more in the urban areas than rural, but I do see the rural communities picking up interoperability steam to drive care coordination, protect or enlarge their patient base as well as to participate in new payment and care delivery models. We’ve been talking about standards and interoperability for a long time now but the conversation has shifted in many communities to actionable intelligence on how interoperability is fueling coordinated and higher quality care.We’ll see much faster progress with “connected care” that is driving innovative care and increasing care access in every community. Advancements across the board with telehealth and virtual care as laws mature and payment & reimbursement structures are solidified.I also see pop health & quality reporting finally begin to receive the respect that it deserves. With many progressive organizations today, it is driving their financial and strategic bottom line. Those organizations are well-positioned to successfully navigate the future of healthcare no matter what, since managing structured data, clinical quality measures (CQMs) and robust reporting will be essential to all sustainable payment structures in the very near future.I would be remiss not to mention the importance of data security for 2016 and beyond. While it may not feel as exciting and opportunistic as implementing cool innovations popping around consumerism, mobility and population health, having a strong data and platform security strategy and implementation will be essential to protect your information, integrity, brand and bottom line…As I wrap up these thoughts, I realize that even after 20 years in healthcare and health IT, I just love this industry and all of the opportunity it serves each of us to help create the smartest and most sustainable healthcare system in the world. January launched 2016 with as much velocity as any year that I recall but as I look out to how healthcare will shift this year (and probably next), what jumps to mind is an overall comfort that almost every aspect of healthcare is undergoing rapid change (or some say evolution). This is the new normal and I see it in communities all across our country.I also must admit that our personal thoughts and ideas are largely shaped by our circle of peers and influencers so I personally work hard to keep a foot in multiple healthcare markets to understand how the majority of our communities are shifting. Here are a few consistent themes I see emerging over the next 12-18 months: Provider expansion of services and strategiesBy this I mean, whether in the city of Atlanta, Boston or San Francisco, or the rural communities of South Carolina, Texas or Massachusetts, I see and work with health systems and physician practices that are expanding services, partnerships and expanding “consumer” access. The motivations behind these expansions are diverse, but everyone is experiencing a shift in how healthcare is being consumed, where it’s being consumed and when it’s being consumed. I am also seeing a stronger focus on efficiency, but not enough yet, in my opinion. All organizations need to strategically and wisely better align their processes and operations with their revenue drivers for today as well as their revenue drivers for tomorrow.last_img read more

Intel and Alan Turing Institute form Strategic Partnership to help solve Big Data Healthcare Challenges

first_imgResearch into the fundamentals of algorithms for data science;Training the next generation of researchers;Addressing ways in which scientific advances can be taken into practice;Collaborating with a range of public and private organizations.If you want the deep dive on the ATI’s forward looking vision, I’d highly recommend reading Andrew Blake’s (Institute Director) Alan Turing Institute Roadmap for Science and Innovation.Alan Turing is a name that is familiar to many of you I’m sure and as the person who many see as the founder of modern computer science we are delighted that new algorithms developed by the ATI will feed into the design of future generations of Intel® microprocessors. Intel will provide the ATI with world-class High Performance Computing solutions including Intel® Xeon®-based workstations, Intel Software tools and access to an Intel Data center cluster based on Intel® Xeon® and Intel® Xeon Phi™.People and TechnologyBut great technology is just one part of the story of Intel’s strategic partnership with ATI, so I’m excited to tell you that we’re supporting the development of the next generation of data scientists too. Alongside hiring a number of talented individuals to work at the ATI we will be supporting the PhD and Research Fellow programme which will help fulfil one of the core aims of the Institute in helping to bridge the skills gap and place the UK in a strong global position in this sector.Solving the Big Data Challenges in HealthcareAnalysis of big data has the potential to solve some of the biggest challenges in healthcare which will help us deliver better patient care, including All-in-One-Day personalized medicine, unlocking the value of electronic medical records through natural language processing and making sense of the ever-increasing data produced by wearables and sensors. It’s an exciting time and we’re eager to see where this fantastic strategic partnership between Intel and the Alan Turing Institute takes us in the coming years. I look forward to keeping you updated in future blogs. Learn more about Intel Big Data and Analytics in HealthcareAlan Turing Institute websiteStay in touch with Intel Health and Life Sciences news Realizing the potential in big data is a challenge we’re enthusiastically tackling head on here at Intel and a recently announced strategic partnership with the Alan Turing Institute (ATI) in the UK is just one example of where working with key partners can help us drive scientific and technological discoveries.We want to help turn the rapidly increasing volume of data into meaningful insights which will help solve global challenges across a number of areas, including health and life sciences. The ATI’s vision is an exciting proposition, and that is to be a national institute which supports the UK in becoming a world leader in data science, through:last_img read more

Adaptive Routing with Intel Omni-Path Architecture

first_imgScaling applications to hundreds or thousands of servers is a common practice in today’s High-Performance Computing (HPC) centers. Intel® Omni-Path Architecture (Intel® OPA) is a leading interconnect used to connect servers (commonly referred to as nodes) in a data center to one another. The data throughput capability of Intel OPA in its first generation is 100 Gigabits per second in each direction of the link. This corresponds to up to 12.5 Gigabytes per second of uni-directional bandwidth and 25 Gigabytes of bi-directional bandwidth. In addition to high bandwidth, Intel OPA is a low latency and highly resilient interconnect with many different Quality of Service (QoS) features. One of these features is adaptive routing. In this article, we show exactly how to enable and test adaptive routing with a simple micro benchmark, and in a future article, we show its impact on application performance in a cluster environment. Stay tuned also for articles on other QoS features such as Traffic Flow Optimization, where the fabric intelligently prioritizes latency-sensitive messages during simultaneous transmission of larger messages, or bulk data such as storage.When Intel OPA fabric is installed in a cluster, the nodes are often connected in a topology known as a “fat tree”. In this configuration, compute nodes are connected to “edge” or “leaf” switches, and these edge switches are in turn connected to “core” or “spine” switches. This is a two-tier fabric. With the 48 port radix design in the Intel® Omni-Path Edge Switch (100 series), a maximum of 1152 nodes can be connected in a cluster with full bisectional bandwidth. In this configuration, 48 edge switches are used in the first edge switch tier, connected to 24 switches in the second core tier. 24 hosts are connected to each of the 48 edges, and the remaining 24 ports on each edge are connected to each of the core switches, one inter-switch link (ISL) between each edge and core. In theory, this configuration is non-blocking and is capable of providing full bandwidth from any node in the cluster to any other unique node at a given time. However, static fat tree routing algorithms (which determine exactly which path is taken between any two node pairs) have limitations and full bandwidth is not always seen in practice.Static fat tree routing must provide routing paths for every node talking to every other node. Since a node talking to itself would typically use shared memory within the node, the number of potential routes R for a total node count of N is governed by the simple equation R=N(N-1)=N²-N. Since the number of routes increase as a function of N² but the number of ISLs only grow as a function of N, this means that there are scenarios where certain host communications will use the same ISL. Although customized routing rules can be implemented for a very specific communication pattern that would allow for full bandwidth throughout the cluster, the more general routing requirement needs to be in place for a general purpose HPC cluster. How can you tell exactly which routing path your communication will take through the fabric? Packaged tools such as opareport can be used in conjunction with the sending and destination nodes, for example: opareport -o route -S nodepat:”NodeA hfi1_0”:port:1 -D nodepat:”NodeB hfi1_0”:port:1Adaptive routing has the ability to detect when hosts are trying to use the same routes, and adjust the routes in real time to alleviate the congestion and potentially improve the bandwidth delivered to each node. Consider a simplified scenario with only two edge switches and two cores switches as illustrated in Figure 1. In this example we elect Node A to communicate to Node C, and Node B to communicate to Node D. This is representative of how a real HPC application might communicate. Based on the fat tree topology, all traffic needs to travel through either Core switch 1 or Core switch 2 to reach the destination node. To further simply the demonstration, we only connect each edge to each core switch with one ISL. Therefore, there are only two paths possible for any messages traveling between the node pairs. Monitoring the ISL traffic is easy with tools such as the Intel OPA Fabric Manager GUI, or tools such as opatop.Figure 1: Simplified Fat tree topologyThe performance test selected is Ohio State Microbenchmarks* version 5.3, osu_mbw_mr test (http://mvapich.cse.ohio-state.edu/benchmarks/Opens in a new window). This test returns the aggregate bandwidth and message rate between the number of nodes or CPU core pairs used in the test. In the source code, we modified the timing during the bandwidth calculation to use the maximum pair communication time instead of the average time. This prevents the code from returning bandwidth which is over maximum theoretical line rate of 12.5 GB/sec.We have chosen to use a Message Passing Interface (MPI) library as packaged with Intel OPA software release 10.3.1.0.22, which is Open MPI 1.10.4. However, any MPI library could be used. It is especially important to use the MPI packaged with the -hfi suffix to ensure Performance Scaled Messaging (PSM2) is used, which is the most performant code path for Intel OPA. If you compile your Open MPI yourself, make sure you include PSM in your configure command. Running this benchmark between Node A and Node C, using one MPI rank on each node, returns the following result:We have omitted the first lines of output for the smaller message sizes for brevity. The bandwidth achieved between two nodes using one core per node is 12.38GB/s (uni-directional), which is 99% of the theoretical line rate of Intel OPA in its first generation. We expect when running between two node pairs (again, one core per node), the reported bandwidth should be close to double the bandwidth measured for one node pair. However, for static routing, that is not always the case as we will now show. In this test, in addition to Node A sending to Node C, now Node B is sending to Node D and the aggregate throughput is reported:Note that the order of the node list is important, as the first half of the nodes are identified as the “sending” nodes, or group 1, and the second half of the nodes are the corresponding “receiving” nodes in group 2. As seen by the output, it is only slightly higher than the single node pair. For this demonstration, we purposely selected these nodes because opareport told us that they share the same static route through Core switch 2 (see the red path in Figure 1). During the above four node benchmark test, Figure 2 is the output of “opatop” (0 → W → D keystrokes), showing 100% ISL utilization through Core switch 2 and only 50% utilization for the host ports, because two host pairs are sharing the single ISL routed through Core switch 2. Note that core switch 1 is not utilized, so it is not listed since opatop automatically sorts by the highest utilization, or may other available metrics.Figure 2: Output of opatop during 4 node test with static routing. Only the red path in Figure 1 is used.Let us repeat the above test, this time with adaptive routing enabled. To enable adaptive routing, simply toggle to 1 in the section of /etc/sysconfig/opafm.xml on the node running the fabric manager. In addition, we are using a value of 7 which will tolerate ISL congestion up to 55% before adaptive routing takes over. For this specific test where we expect full contention, a lower value of Threshold, implying higher congestion tolerance, would also suffice. After the modification to opafm.xml, we restart the opafm service on the fabric manager node with “systemctl restart opafm”. The complete contents of is given at the end in the configuration section.Now with adaptive routing enabled, we repeat the identical test as shown above between the same four hosts:The aggregate bandwidth of 24.7 GB/s is now close to double of the single pair bandwidth, which is the expected result. Monitoring with opatop reveals now the fabric is balanced, with the ISL path through Core switch 1 and Core switch 2 both being fully utilized, allowing for full utilization of the corresponding nodes.Figure 3: Output of opatop during 4 node test with adaptive routing enabled. Both the red and blue paths in Figure 1 are used.In conclusion, we have demonstrated with a basic example the ability of adaptive routing to enable higher bandwidth through an HPC cluster. Multiple node bandwidth tests revealed the potential for static fat tree routing to oversubscribe inter-switch links. Enabling adaptive routing doubled the throughput achievable between the nodes. In future articles, we will demonstrate the impact of adaptive routing on application testing, as well as other QoS features such as Traffic Flow Optimization. These enhanced features of Intel OPA ultimately mean higher and more consistent performance out of an HPC cluster.For more information on Intel Omni-Path Architecture, please visit intel.com/omnipathOpens in a new window.Co-Authored by Vivek Kumar Rai, Technical Sales Specialist at Intel CorporationOpens in a new windowTest ConfigurationTests performed on dual socket Intel® Xeon® processor E5-2697Av4 nodes with 64 GB, 2133 MHz memory per node. Intel® Turbo Boost Technology and Intel® Hyper-Threading Technology enabled. Open MPI 1.10.4-hfi as packaged with IFS 10.3.1.0.22. Red Hat Enterprise Linux* Server release 7.2 (Maipo), 3.10.0-327.36.3.el7.x86_64 kernel. BIOS settings: IOU non-posted prefetch disabled. Snoop timer for posted prefetch=9. Early snoop disabled. Cluster on Die disabled. Intel® Omni-Path 100 Series Edge switch. Fabric controller: Intel Corporation Omni-Path HFI Silicon 100 Series [discrete] (rev 10). Contents of /etc/sysconfig/opafm.xml that enables adaptive routing: 1 0 2 0 7 last_img read more

Customers Need the Channel More than Ever!

first_imgThe 2019 Intel Partner Connect (IPC) conference has now wrapped up, and it’s always great to have so many Intel partners together in the same room.Last week, we got the chance to hear from partners about the issues and opportunities they are facing, and we got to share what we’re seeing on the horizon that could lead to growth for channel partners as businesses around the world cope with a velocity of change that’s accelerating and driven by digital transformation.In this disruptive business environment, partners have an important role to play in connecting businesses with the expertise, tools and technology they need to innovate and ultimately grow. It’s an opportunity for all of us, if we’re ready to seize it.We also used the conference to preview the new Intel Partner Alliance, which includes new B2B platforms, educational opportunities and digital touchpoints to help our partner ecosystem connect, innovate and grow. We will share more details about our program over the coming quarters.Two components of the program unveiled at IPC include:• Intel® Solutions Marketplace to help guide partners to solutions and technologies, and boost collaboration among partners.• Intel® Partner University to provide training and skills development to foster a new community of talent and expand partner skills or competencies to reduce time to market.Businesses Want PartnersI recently came across an interesting stat that underscores both the challenge faced by business, and the opportunity for channel partners.Less than 30% of an organizations’ technology vendors are currently active partners in their digital transformation initiatives.I believe that businesses are looking to the channel to help fill in gaps in skills and expertise and want to work more collaboratively with partners to address the challenges of digital transformation.How do we take advantage? The announcements at IPC and the programs being rolled out are designed to help our partners transform to be successful in this environment, such as training and support through Intel® Partner University to help reduce time to market for new product offerings and upskill internal teams.We’re also seeing a trend toward, partners needing to look outside their organization for the expertise to deliver the innovative solutions that their customers are seeking. Co-opetition lets us bring the right combination of partners together to deliver on a specific business objective with the speed needed by industry today. (And, Intel® Solutions Marketplace is going to help facilitate connections with partners and experts.)Digital Transformation GapsThere is no shortage of experts and stats showing that our world is changing faster than ever and that those who fail to keep pace will find market share eroded by more nimble competitors.In this dynamic business environment, few companies can expect to have the internal resources needed to understand and deploy the emerging technologies that could become transformative and lead to a real competitive advantage. Businesses need help … and help from organizations who are less focused on selling a product or service but instead look deeper to understand the underlying business or industry challenges to make the right recommendations, even if those recommendations mean bringing in solutions from other companies.Looking for the right solutions to your customers challenges and making recommendations based on what’s best for them (not always the most lucrative for your bottom line) is just one trait of a becoming a trusted advisor.The Skills You NeedWhat will transform your relationships from a supplier of goods and services to a partner?• Active Listening; Have you ever been in a meeting where the party across the table keeps talking about or trying to sell you on something you don’t need or want (despite the fact they have an item you’re really interested in)? A partner asks you questions and takes the time to listen closely to your objectives and priorities.• Deep Understanding: Listening is only step one: Step two is understanding what your customer is saying (and to do this effectively, you can’t make assumptions). Ask more questions, confirm assumptions you are making to ensure you have a clear picture of the underlying issues or challenges. Take some time to make sure you also understand the competitive landscape and what disruptive forces could lie on the horizon.• On Hand Expertise: Technical skills are in short supply and our customers depend on us to help them bridge the gap. With a clear understanding of the goals, issues and business objectives, take the time to review all the options and leverage your internal technical experts to make the best recommendations for how to solve today’s issues in a way that could set the groundwork to advantage of new, emerging technologies they might not be considering … yet.• Trusted Advisor: Beyond addressing today’s concerns, an advisor looks ahead to ensure the solutions presented and implemented today, don’t limit customers from taking advantage of future opportunities.Benefits of Being a PartnerDon’t think that as partner, you’re not buying or selling goods. You are, and you will. The difference is how you get there and how your customer perceives your interactions.Partners take the time to get to know a business, provide advice and work collaboratively to move business objectives forward. There are definite benefits to this approach for both partners including competitive advantage, increasing market share and growth … and isn’t that what we all want?last_img read more

Jupiter Beats Saturn in Solar System Throwdown

first_imgThe hottest competition in the solar system is over. NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA) said today that each agency will launch a probe to Jupiter in 2020 to explore the moons of the solar system’s largest planet—edging out a proposed mission to the ringed giant. The multibillion-dollar missions—no estimate of the cost was offered—will examine Europa, which has an icy surface covering a liquid water ocean, and Ganymede, which is the only moon in the solar system with an internally generated magnetic field. Both potentially harbor life or its building blocks. NASA would build and launch the Europa probe, whereas ESA would be responsible for the Ganymede orbiter. The schedule calls for each spacecraft to orbit Jupiter (pictured, Credit: NASA) in 2026 before splitting off and operating for 3 years.In 2007, NASA invited teams to prepare proposals for missions to one of four outer planet satellites before choosing two finalists. The runner-up in the competition is Saturn and its intriguing moon Titan. That mission would have involved a NASA orbiter and an ESA lander and balloon. But officials from the two agencies determined that the proposal was not as technically advanced as the Jupiter mission. NASA and ESA officials said they remain open to a Saturn mission, although constrained budgets make such a trip a long shot.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)ESA science chief David Southwood issued a statement calling the decision “a landmark of 21st century planetary science. … The cooperation across the Atlantic that we have had so far and we see in the future, between America and Europe, NASA and ESA, and in our respective science communities is absolutely right. Let’s get to work.” NASA/JPL last_img read more

Scientists Seek Donations on Innovative Micro-Philanthropy Site

first_imgA creative new Web site connects funding proposals by scientists with contributors who want to support the work out of the goodness of their hearts. An e-mailed press release describes the nonprofit, whose Web site is SciFlies.org: [Co-founder David] Fries, who is on the faculty of the University of South Florida’s College of Marine Science and has spun out several successful entrepreneurial companies from technologies developed there, knows all too well how a lack of steady funding can interrupt the progress of scientific discovery. To address this need, he partnered with veteran nonprofit and political fundraiser Larry Biddle and regional technology industry advocate and communications strategist Michelle Bauer to develop the model for SciFlies. Biddle was a creative fundraiser on Howard Dean’s campaign in 2004, which took in millions of dollars in donations of $50 or less. “If people really care about something, … this gives people a way to connect. It democratizes science for the mass public,” says Bauer, who is managing a team of writers to help edit research proposals “so that they tell a story people can understand.” Among the early applicants is Karl Wegmann at North Carolina State University in Raleigh. He read about the idea in a geology magazine last year and thought he would submit a proposal to study how centuries-old soil sediments in streams may affect modern-day water quality. “What the heck—I’ll give it a try,” the geologist thought. Wegmann is currently funded through the National Science Foundation (NSF) and state funding organizations. “I felt the general public could understand … that there might be more connection than if I said I’m doing research on topography in Mongolia,” he added. His $10,000 proposal, which will be funded by volunteer contributions, seeks funding for automatic water samplers that would collect water after rainfall. “I’m guardedly optimistic, but at the same time I’m not sure how people will find out about this.” Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*) SciFlies plans to vet the research by assembling a team of university scientists who serve as reviewers for NSF, Bauer says. (Wegmann says that his proposal was vetted by little more than a few e-mails with a staffer on the site.) The site is in beta mode now, but seven research proposals are posted for perusal. The organizers hope to fund everything from physics to medical science with the site and the largess of the public. Projects range in size from $5000 to $100,000; the money flows from donors to researchers only after the total amount of donations for the project can fully fund the scientists. One aspect of the site that makes it a bit more intimate than most research funding applications: It asks scientists to post pictures of themselves as well as fill in a form that includes “Passion/Philosophy” and “What’s on your nightstand?” Wegmann wrote: “Sharing the wonders of Earth Science Research with students and the public.” And “Remember the Lorax!” for his philosophy. He listed No Man’s River by Farley Mowat as his nightstand book. “I didn’t really know what to put down there,” he says.last_img read more

Utility: Fukushima Cores More Damaged Than Thought

first_imgTOKYO—Over the last several days, evidence has emerged indicating that the situation at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant was far more dire than previously recognized. The main evidence is extensive—rather than partial—melting of the nuclear fuel in three reactors in the hours after the 11 March earthquake and tsunami. Despite that bad news, however, today plant owner Tokyo Electric Power Co. pledged it would still meet the target set 17 April to stabilize the situation by January 2012 so 100,000 residents evacuated from around the plant can return to their homes and the decade-long process of demolishing the reactors can get started. At first, analysts from Tokyo Electric and the government believed there was only limited damage to the fuel cores. But over the last week, a combination of robotic and human inspections has led to the conclusion that the fuel assemblies in units 1, 2, and 3 were completely exposed to the air for from over 6 hours to over 14 hours and that melting was extensive if not complete. Much of the fuel is now likely at the bottom of the reactor pressure vessels. Despite extensive melting of the fuel, “we do not believe there is massive damage to the reactor pressure vessel,” Sakae Muto, Tokyo Electric’s chief nuclear officer told reporters this evening. Last week workers found that an estimated 3000 tons of water has leaked from the unit 1 containment vessel into a basement. In its 17 April roadmap, Tokyo Electric envisioned flooding the containment vessel and building a new cooling system to lower the temperature of the core. But the containment vessel now appears to be too leaky for that scheme to work. Instead they will collect water from the basement, purify it, and inject it back into the reactor pressure vessel, from where it will leak back into the basement. It is simpler than a new cooling system, but it will also require additional measures to watch for and counter leaks of contaminated water into the environment, Muto said. They may still build new cooling systems to supplement or replace the water injection scheme. Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*) The 17 April roadmap for containing radiation also called for wrapping the wrecked buildings in tentlike structures of polyester sheets supported on a steel framework. That part of the work is proceeding as planned. At the same press briefing, Goshi Hosono, a member of the Japanese parliament and a special advisor to the Prime Minister Naoto Kan on the crisis, said the government had decided to establish a mechanism to track the radiation doses and manage the long-term health care of the hundreds of workers battling to bring the crippled reactors under control. “This is not only in the interests of Tokyo Electric and the government but of all the people of Japan,” he said.last_img read more